Tutorial: Reading Japanese Charted Amigurumi Patterns

Let’s take a quick look at how to read Japanese charted patterns for amigurumi. They’re not as hard as they seem at first glance!

A close friend of my significant other moved back to Japan a few days ago. He had been in the US for almost ten years, and had made a ton of close friends in DC during that time. I like to take advantage of every possible occasion for crocheting people stuff, so of course I decided to make a tiny gift for my SO to give to him at his going away party. This bird pattern was the first Japanese pattern I ever tried, so I thought it would be meaningful as well as cute!

I went to Japan a few years ago to visit a friend who was living there, and she gave me a couple of amazing amigurumi crochet books since she knew I loved to crochet. This bird pattern is from Maki Oomachi’s “Amigurumi Forest” or あみぐるみの森. All of the patterns are charted instead of written, which I had never tried before. It took me some googling to figure it out, so I want to share what I learned with you today!

Here are some example charts I drew to illustrate the stitches needed for most amigurumi:

In a written pattern, the drawing on the left goes something like this:

R1: sc 6 in magic ring (6)
R2: inc around (12)
R3: sc around (12)
R4: dec around (6) Fasten off.

The drawing on the right would go something like this:

Ch. 7
R1: starting in 2nd ch from hook, sc 6, ch 1, turn (6)
R2: dec, sc 2, dec, ch 1, turn (4)
R3: sc 4 (4)
R4: inc, sc 2, inc, ch 1, turn (6)
R5: sc 6 (6) Fasten off.

And this is what you get if you crochet these pieces:

As you can see, we’ve got a small ball and an hourglass-shaped flat piece. Now on to the good stuff: how to read the charts!

The drawing on the left represents a 3D piece crocheted in the round, and the drawing on the right represents a flat piece where you turn after each row. This is the format of most of the patterns in the Japanese books I’ve seen, and I’m going to walk you through the various symbols and what they mean.


x – single crochet stitch
0 – chain stitch
• – slip stitch (I didn’t include any of these in my diagrams, but it’s good to know!)
x with a caret (^) – represents a decrease if the point is facing the next row, or an increase if the point is towards the previous row

There are also 3 Japanese characters I think it’s helpful to know here. I’ve listed them along the bottom of the drawing in addition to their spots within each chart.

わ (wa) – ring, loop, or circle (often used with 1 ch stitch to represent a magic ring start for pieces in the round)
目 (me) – stitch (often used to show the number of stitches in a starting chain)
段 (dan) – row or round (used to show the number of rounds or rows in the piece)

The dark triangle in each chart shows where you fasten off. For the circular charts, you start in the middle. For the flat chart, you’ll start with the starting chain (you’ll also usually see an arrow next to the starting chain showing which direction you’ll work in).

That should hopefully get you started. Have you tried a charted amigurumi pattern before? Are there some other symbols or characters you’re curious about? Let me know in the comments!

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